Enables electrification and decarbonization
WEM provides an efficient means of transporting electricity to remote locations around the world. This, in turn, makes electrification more justifiable as it allows for the replacement of fossil fuel-based technologies with cleaner, electricity-based alternatives.
Bypasses “troubled” zones
A major difficulty with transmitting energy is that land-based infrastructure must navigate various troubled zones where there is conflict or where there are other security concerns. This heightens costs, either to protect or repair the infrastructure. Additionally, this often creates dependence on various stakeholders (e.g., local security forces) who guarantee the safety of the transmission infrastructure.
Allows for optimal placement of renewables
Connecting multiple grids around the world ultimately creates a global grid, which would allow renewable energy generators to be placed in their optimal locations.
Overcomes renewables’ main issue: variability
The variability of renewable energy sources over various timescales means that grids cannot depend on them completely. It means that there needs to be significantly more generation infrastructure than is necessary or, more realistically, that non-renewable energy sources will retain an important role in generating power to pick up the slack when renewables are not at full capacity.
Enables off-grid power
It provides a way for off-grid sites to connect to grids, replacing diesel generators and large batteries. WEM is also relevant in situations where natural disasters have destroyed infrastructure, causing grids to stop functioning and leaving affected areas essentially "off-grid." In these scenarios, WEM can provide a reliable and sustainable source of power to support recovery efforts.